Cassava production in ghana pdf merge

Its growing importance is seen in the way it is increasingly being used as a substitute for a variety of cooked food meals in ghana. The gender dynamics of cassava commercialization is explored using results from indepth qualitative research conducted under the cassava. Majority of people employed in the agricultural sector in ghana engage in cassava production or intercrop with cassava. Fao nigeria cassava production is by far the largest in the world. The residue generated from cassava processing has a huge potential in biorefinery. Despite the numerous records on the production, processing and marketing of cassava in ebonyi. Kongo, farmers, marketers, consumers, mineral fertilizer citation. His community would like to expand the project by purchasing a mill so that flour. Cassava is used mainly for two main purposes in nigeria. Cassava is an important staple crop and food that supports the livelihood of over 300 million africans. Traditionally cassava was seen as a food security crop, but production has. Jan 27, 2015 fao nigeria cassava production is by far the largest in the world. The estimated total land under cassava production is 900,000 hectares.

It is a main source of carbohydrates to meet the dietary requirement needs and a regular source of income for most rural dwellers and contributes substantially 22 percent to the agricultural gross domestic product agdp. Through its production, marketing and processing, cassava provides a major source of household income, often for women and the very poor. It is the most extensively cultivated crop in the southern part of the country, it contributes largely to the countrys gross domestic production. Since then there has been a steady decline up until 2005. In 1999, nigeria produced 33 million tonnes, while a decade later, it produced approximately 45 million tonnes, which is almost 19% of production in the world. Feb 28, 2014 largest cassava farming with processing and modern agriculture in africa, niji farms duration. Umudike 1960 to 1970 ekandem combine the mosaic disease resistance genes. Prospects for food security and infant nutrition echebiri, r. Cassava is an indigenous crop that is fast growing and well adapted to the dry environment.

Smaller entrepreneurs are joining value chains in tanzania and. Dec 16, 2015 incomes from cassava production and postharvest processing of cassava represent around one fifth 22 percent of ghanas agricultural gdp. Michael murigi, 3rd year pathways scholar, has made tremendous progress in introducing cassava growing to his community. Cassava market and value chain analysis uganda case study. Department of agricultural economics and agribusiness, university of ghana, legon. Economic analysis of production and marketing of cassava in. Ghanas cassava in demand for commercial and industrial use. Pdf cassava cultivation, processing and potential uses in ghana. Cassava is one of the commonest food staple crops in ghana. I was engaged in csirfood research institute in 2012 to manage the business aspects of one of their flagship projects cassava adding value to africa cava.

These process technologies have contributed to the reduction of postharvest losses in cassava production in ghana. Incomes from cassava production and postharvest processing of cassava represent around one fifth 22 percent of ghanas agricultural gdp. Pdf subsaharan africa ssa cassavaproducing countries such as nigeria, ghana, and ca. This post could be downloaded as pdf cassava farming in nigeria pdf now you see, cassava farming and garri processing business in nigeria could be wellpaid business because of the high consumption rate and a proper investment and abiding by proper recommended steps will make the production a lot easier. This manual is designed to be both a teaching aid for cassava training sessions and a convenient reference for those involved in the production and posthawest technology of the crop. Cassava production and gender factor challenges affecting cassava production in ebonyi state, nigeria igberi, c. Cassava production, utilization and marketing a case study. Impact of agribusiness management program on cassava production in ghana.

Largest cassava farming with processing and modern agriculture in africa, niji farms duration. Assessment of cassava production, utilization and marketing among the. Cassava market and value chain analysis, ghana case study, final report january 20 cassava market and value chain analysis ghana case study final report anonymised version february 20 ulrich kleih, david phillips, marian tandoh wordey, gregory komlaga natural resources institute, university of greenwich, uk food research institute, accra. Cassava market and value chain analysis ghana case study. Ghana can produce 30 million metric tons of cassava. Nigeria is largest cassava producer in the world fao. Ghana cassava products supplied by reliable ghana cassava manufacturers and cassava suppliers made in ghana. Facts and figures from agricultural production in ghana is used to analyse. Trend in total cassava production in africa 19651995. Production of cassava in africa, asia and the americas, and in selected countries in 1995 production million tons yield tonha area harvested thousand ha world 165. Cassava can become africas new cash crop working in. Cassava is one of the most important root crops in africa sixty percent of the population of. Cassava production and processing practices remain largely habitual in most of the producing countries despite the high potentials for its commercial production and processing, its export potential, and its use in local industries to reduce import expenditure on substitute imported products.

High quality dried cassava chips with less than 15 moisture content and 70% starch content. Trading of cassava roots follows a seasonal pattern. Varieties the following varieties are recommended for their high yield and processing quality. The worlds largest producer of cassava is nigeria with a production of 47,406,770 tons in 20. Our production capacity for cassava is between500tmonth. Socioeconomic importance of plantain cultivation in ghana.

Ghanas production of cassava is estimated to be over twelve million metric tons. Although a perennial plant, cassava is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of. Ghana cassava directory provides list of made in ghana cassava products supplied by reliable ghana cassava manufacturers, traders and companies. With a production of 30,227,542 tons, thailand follows next. In ghana, over 70% of farmers engage in cassava production, and the sector contributes to about 22% of agricultural gdp.

Constraints and opportunities for small and medium scale. Pdf comparing the profitability of cassavabased production. It is ranked the most important root crop in terms of world production iita, 2005. The gender dynamics of cassava commercialization is explored using results from in depth qualitative research conducted under the cassava.

Cassava production and gender factor challenges affecting. Department of agricultural economics, management and extension ebonyi state university, abakaliki abstract. Determinants of the adoption of improved cassava varieties. Cassava growing for food security in kenya globalgiving. Cassava production sandy soil light soil clay soil sample wet shaping cassava is an undemanding plant that is happy in a wide range of soils. Production and area cropped to plantain have generally been increasing gradually in the regions of ghana since 2000 t ables 2 and 3. Economic importance of cassava production in nigeria. Cassava starch production in ghana has been successful over the years since many people depend on cassava roots as their main food. Vankharis limited is an agroprocessing industry in ghana. Traditional operations normally combine both fermentation and water removal in one.

Apart from being used as feed ingredients and food, the crop is used in the production of various industrial products in ghana. We do major production of high quality cassava flour, cassava chips, starch and maize grits. To carry out this study, five objectives were formulated and these were. Pdf cassava cultivation, processing and potential uses. Cassava can be grown in many types of soil, producing even in poor soil but but will be optimally productive in welldraining, sandy clay loam with a ph between 5. Africa produces more cassava than any other crop, according to fao figures. Assessment of cassava production, utilization and marketing among the rural farmers. Indonesia 23,936,920 and brazil 21,484,218 rank third and fourth in the world in cassava production. Ava project promotes opportunities for smallholders to gain additional income in cassava markets in ghana, tanzania, uganda, nigeria and. Market opportunities for commercial cassava in ghana. Profitability of cassava production and marketing table 3 shows that the total revenue tr generated from cassava production and marketing is n523, 200 while the total cost tc is n775, 690. Economic analysis of production and marketing of cassava. This is followed by the ashanti, western, brong ahafo, central and the volta. The net farm income nfi obtained is n347, 510 with a benefit cost ratio of n2.

Later, artisans developed a manual grater in the form of a sheet of. With over twenty derivative products, cassava is also. The country has currently being doing close to about 18 million tons annually but he said planting of high yielding, diseaseresistant and. Ghanas cassava production level could hit 30 million metric tons a year through the adoption of best farming practices by farmers, professor joe manu agyei of the crop research institute cri, has said. Site selection choose an accessible welldrained fertile soil. I department of agricultural economics michael okpara university of agriculture, umudike, abia state. Cassava production, utilization and marketing a case.

Mar 28, 20 africa produces more cassava than any other crop, according to fao figures. The eastern region has had the largest area put under plantain production in ghana since 1996 t able 3. It is widely observed that in forest zones, cassava has become a key substitute for plantain in the preparation of fufu which is a key staple in many. Cassava is drought resistant but will not tolerate waterlogging. The main endusers of ethanol are spirits companies, who blend. In other areas with plantation crops like rubber, coconut or cashew, cassava is often intercropped for a few years between the. However, for commercial production of cassava for the starch or animal feed industry, such as in thailand, china, south vietnam and southern sumatra of indonesia, cassava is generally planted in monoculture. The crop is produced in 24 of the countrys 36 states.

Nri and mofa have been collaborating to investigate improved chip production at the farm level for human consumption and for use in animal feed to replace maize. Weed control practices in cassava production 9 common weeds found on cassava farms when and how control weed chemical control weed control groups highlights costeffective mechanization in cassava production 12 introduction operations available machines for commercial to smallto mediumscale cassava production highlights harvesting 16 when to. Sites favourable to growing cassava have the following characteristics. Cassava manihot esculenta is a popular crop grown in tropical regions. On 22 december 2007, the largest cassava ethanol fuel production facility was completed in beihai, with annual output of 200 thousand tons, which would need an average of 1. Cassava production and consumption in africa cnn video. Dried cassava chips kokonte are traditionally processed in ghana the piece sizes are large and they typically take a long time to dry 2 weeks and product quality is low. Abstract experiments were conducted in 2005 and 2006 cropping seasons in south west nigeria to investigate the yield per. Kenya is experiencing severe drought and acute food shortages.

Dense vegetation with lots of dead leaves which increase soil fertility as they decompose. Cassava has become an important food security crop in ghana over the years and in most parts of subsaharan africa. The cassava price commonly traded in ghana in units of kia, the full 5. Cassava manioc diseases and pests, description, uses. In most cases, cassava production in ghana is done by smallscale farmers and the tubers can be boiled and fried to be consumed. Cassava chips are often used in production of animal feed or exported, as they are a more stable. For instance, it is recognized as one of the best raw materials for the manufacture of ethanol. Root production is maximized when temperatures are between 25 and 32c 7790f. The work studied the economic analysis of cassava production. Incomes from cassava production and postharvest processing of cassava represent around one fifth 22 percent of ghana s agricultural gdp.

Cassava manihot esculenta production is vital to the economy of nigeria as the country is the worlds largest producer of the commodity. This is because cassava has a high content of starch and the crop has substantial. Impact of agribusiness management program on cassava. Jan 21, 2014 the cassava price commonly traded in ghana in units of kia, the full 5. Combining the global value chain and global io approaches. Cassava production in nigeria is largely by subsistence farming and nigeria is currently the largest producer of cassava in the world. Cassava production in other african countries, the democratic republic of the congo, ghana, madagascar, mozambique, tanzania and uganda appears small in comparison to nigeria.

Average cassava yields in three of the top producing countries in africa compared to the average for subsaharan africa ssa. Cassava production in the volta region records higher. Cassava is one of the leading tuber crops that offers the highest production of food energy and is a staple food for millions of households across the globe. Cassava market and value chain analysis, uganda case study, final report july 2012 cassava market and value chain analysis uganda case study final report anonymised version july 2012 ulrich kleih, david phillips, john jagwe and michael kirya natural resources institute, university of greenwich, uk africa innovations institute, uganda. Incomes from cassava production and postharvest processing of cassava represent around one fifth of ghanas agricultural gdp. Oct 10, 2017 cassava is an important staple crop and food that supports the livelihood of over 300 million africans. The study covered ihiala local government area of anambra state. Dec 12, 2016 impact of agribusiness management program on cassava production in ghana.

540 240 220 698 278 642 920 641 758 171 61 459 1502 964 100 997 1310 884 961 168 315 1208 813 479 890 493 377 1196 664 1345 832 186 1398 276 693 240 1168 140 994 1320 373 1268