Massette typha latifolia pdf

It is a marginal aquatic perennial that spreads by creeping rhizomes to form dense colonies in shallow water. Typha angustifolia emerges earlier in the spring and grows more rapidly and taller than t. Typha angustifolia general botanical characteristics. Broadleaf cattail tolerates many soil textures, nutrient levels, moisture regimes, and ph levels. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by crossref and updated daily. Descriptions of soil types as well and flooding, drought, and salinity tolerances are described below. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. The university of minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Typha latifolia seeds bullrush, bullrush, broadleaf cattail, common cattail, great reedmace, cat o nine tails.

Common cattail typha latifolia cattail family typhaceae description. The common cattail has large underwater underground rhizomes that allow for quick and dense proliferation. Typha latifolia in english, translation, latinenglish dictionary. Typha latifolia seeds bullrush, bullrush, broadleaf. Cattail pollen grains are either single typha angustifolia or united in tetrads typha latifolia. Although native typha latifolia may outcompete typha angustifolia if allowed to grow broad leaves that shade out the shadeintolerant typha angustifolia, t. This stalk is light green to green, glabrous, stiff, and round in crosssection terete.

Its lateral rhizomes, produced at the leaf base, can grow up to 27. This page was last edited on 25 december 2019, at 08. It is a marginal aquatic perennial that spreads by. Typha latifolia synonyms, typha latifolia pronunciation, typha latifolia translation, english dictionary definition of typha latifolia. Ipni nomenclature info for typha latifolia nomenclatural information about typha latifolia is provided by the international plant names index ipni. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis. Single grains are 2026 micrometers and pollen grains in tetrads are 4050 micrometers. Atlas of north european vascular plants north of the tropic of cancer. Acid to basic soils with low or high levels of nutrients are tolerated. The integrated taxonomic information system itis provides authoritative taxonomic information on typha latifolia, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of north america and the world. High levels of ecotypic variation and the widespread cooccurrence of 2 to 3 compatible cattail species can make field identification difficult. Typha latifolia tall marsh plant with cylindrical seed heads that explode when mature shedding large quantities of down. Cattail typha genus level details and allergy info. Typha australis massette adventice eau invasion bassin fleuve senegal.

Manual of vascular plants of northeastern united states and adjacent canada. Typha latifolia has 623 mm wide leaves that are flat, sheathing, and pale grayishgreen in. A pdf copy of all cited articles is available on the accompanying compact disk. The pollen is astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, haemostatic, refrigerant, sedative, suppurative and vulnerary.

These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. Massette a larges feuilles massette a larges feuilles randonature. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Typha latifolia, called common cattail, is native to marshes, swamps and wetlands in north america, europe and asia. Typha latifolia broadleaf cattail wildflowers of the. Stigmasterols from typha latifolia journal of natural.

Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. We hope that you have found this information helpful. Common cattail typha latifolia cattails make a nice accent plant in any size pond. If so we are sure you would find our books wonderful wildflowers of wales, vols 1 to 4, by sue parker and pat oreilly very useful too. Typha latifolia seeds bullrush, bullrush, broadleaf cattail. Sand, silt, loam, and clay substrates are described in broadleaf cattail habitats. The common cattail is a large marsh plant that measures approximately 90270 cm. Download includes an excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a pdf explaining the background and nomenclature. Typha latifolia occurs in coastal and valley marshes at elevations lower than 2,000 m. Typha latifolia definition of typha latifolia by the. A popular choice for wetlands and bog areas, common cattails are great for natural water filtration.

Typhaceae cattail family cosmopolitan broadleaved cattail soft flag june photo. Typha xglauca, typha latifolia, biologie des mauvaises herbes. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The species is monoecious individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant and is pollinated by wind. Typha latifolia, broadleaved cattail, is distinguished from t. Typhaceae cattail family medicinal use of reedmace. This wellknown, deciduous, marginal water plant has upright, strapshaped leaves and in late summer, bears dark cream, terminal flower heads, followed by large, ornamental, dark brown, sausageshaped seed heads. This page was last edited on 17 august 2016, at 15. The grains are 1porate and the pores are generally circular. It is the common cattail found throughout the state of missouri. Typha latifolia definition of typha latifolia by the free. Note that the pdf version is the booklet as published, whereas the excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. The erect shoots of typha latifolia are more fanlike when young than in other north american species because the proximal leaves dying by mid season spread more widely.

Article views are the countercompliant sum of full text article downloads since november 2008 both pdf and html across all institutions and individuals. This species produces dark brown seed heads, which make an excellent addition to floral and dried arrangements. Typha latifolia form dense monocultures when there is a wetland disturbance. Narrowleaf and hybrid cattails form dense, singlespecies stands, while the broadleaf cattail colonies are less dense. Undoubtedly native throughout its north american range, where it is often a codominant or minor component of marshes, wet meadows, fens, and other communities. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Typha in world checklist of selected plant families. Range dynamics and invasive tendencies in typha latifolia and typha angustifolia in eastern north america derived from herbarium and pollen records. Also quite common is the lesser bulrush or lesser bullrush typha angustifolia, a slimmer but otherwise very similar plant. Typha latifolia reedmace, broadleaf cattail, bullrush. Typha angustifolia l is a perennial herbaceous plant of genus typha.

Varieties subspecies cultivar common synonyms massula latifolia l. This unique plant is best characterized by its large, cynidrical, brown spike of female flowers from which it gets its name. Typha latifolia online atlas of the british and irish flora. Typha latifolia cattails are among the most common of all aquatic plants. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Broadleaf cattail hybridizes with both other north american cattail species, narrowleaved cattail t. This perennial plant is about 49 tall and unbranched, consisting of 6 or more leaves and a flowering stalk. Typha latifolia in english, translation, latinenglish. Dense common cattail thickets are popular nesting areas for waterfowl, and provide. The board of trustees of the royal botanic gardens, kew.

Unfortunately it has been treated as a species by many authors e. The potential for hybridization between typha angustifolia and typha latifolia in a constructed wetland pdf. The leaves have been mixed with oil and used as a poultice on sores. Narrowleaf cattail is an erect, rhizomatous perennial that grows 3 to 6 feet 12 m tall 15. The plants database includes the following 5 species of typha. Typha latifolia l university of california, irvine. These plants have a variety of common names, in british english as bulrush or reedmace, in american english as reed, cattail, or punks, in australia as cumbungi or bulrush, in canada as bulrush or cattail, and in new zealand as raupo.

Typha latifolia generally occurs in shallower water than typha angustifolia. Differences in productivity, height, flowering, and other developmental characteristics were evident when broadleaf cattail seeds were collected from various parts of the united states and grown in a common area. Hybrid cattails located in southern manitoba are thought to be a mix of hybrid typha glauca varieties which is a hybrid of two parent species, typha latifolia and typha angustifolia grosshans. Typha latifolia communement appelez quenouille au quebec, ou encore massette a larges feuilles. Both narrowleaf and hybrid cattails are superior competitors to broadleaf cattail, with the ability to dominate not only healthy wetlands, but also ditches and urban stormwater basins. The pale grayishgreen basal leaves are thick, flat and 1 in 3 cm wide growing upright as tall as the flowering stalk. Typha latifolia bullseg, bulseg, suitipillie, bulwand is a perennial yerbaceous plant in the genus typha. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120326 which reports it as an accepted name record 271005 with original publication details. The scientific name of broadleaf cattail is typha latifolia l. Common cattail is a marsh plant and so grows best in extremely moist environments including freshwater marshes, ditches, and shorelines. In bog or aquatic gardens, they are a great textural asset with their tall upright habit, but it may become invasive, so division is recommended every few years when it is springtime.

960 315 890 748 620 868 870 1487 1446 1239 1154 119 1321 931 350 1388 1087 1199 1230 10 1318 1212 1322 1082 13 827 181 814 350 319 127 1404 9 839 1000